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Don't Eat With Your Mouth Full

Where can we live but days?

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A Query for Classicists and Archaeologists
"Swords like those we sent you are useful," Aska said. "They are
made by the Romans, and are vastly better than any we have. With
one of those you might chop down as many saplings in a day as
would build a hut, and could destroy any wild beasts that may lurk
in your swamps. (G. A. Henty, Beric the Briton [1893])


The speaker is an Iceni chief bartering with some fen-dwellers in the wake of the defeat of AD 60/1. The swords were captured from the Romans earlier in the campaign, and are presumably standard-issue legionary weapons, which I think of as designed more for stabbing from between the serried shields of a Roman line than waving about or chopping down saplings, but which I'm willing to believe could have done any of these things (though for chopping I'd rather have a hatchet).

My question is this. Is it likely that a British chief of this era (putting all partisanship to one side, for Henty's officer class is nothing if not realist) would consider a standard legionary sword to be "vastly better" than anything Made in Britain? Was Roman sword-making technology noticeably superior to that of the British, speaking in terms of quality rather than their ability to churn the things out on a large scale?
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I keep wanting to call them gladioli in the plural - I think the etymology is the same?

It would be gladii.

And I meant to say before that I suspect that this passage is mostly supported by Victorian imperialist snobbery.

By the way, Hinty has a very bad reputation in this country because his works are kept in publication by the most vile racist fundamentalists who hold him up as a shining example to youth. I've never read him, but when I was recently asked to publish a recommendation for Young Adult literature that set during the risorgimento I could find nothing else than his book on it. As a precaution, I put on a disclaimer to the effect the reader had to understand that he was Victorian and might tend to be racist. Was that actually warranted?

I think books exemplifying Victorian imperialism (as Henty's do) are probably always racist, because racism is in the nature of the beast. You will search in vain in the pages of By Sheer Pluck: a Tale of the Ashanti War for a Conradian critique of the imperialist enterprise, let alone an Achebe-esque one. Having said that, I think Henty was far more interested in promoting manliness, self-reliance and adventurousness - the qualities that tomorrow's imperialists would need - than he was in preaching a gospel of white superiority. It may be that your racist fundamentalists are finessing him somewhat for their own purposes.

I keep wanting to call them gladioli in the plural - I think the etymology is the same?

Gladiolus means "little sword"; it's a diminutive, like homunculus from homo or Marcellus from Marcus. Presumably from the shape of the flower-heads or the leaves.

Thank you! I think that was the fact rattling round my mental lumber room.

It is the same - gladioli look like swords.